Navigational Strategies and Their Neural Correlates

Deepa Jain, Indraja R. Jakhalekar, Sachin S. Deshmukh


Animals depend on navigation to fnd food, water, mate(s), shelter, etc. Different species use diverse strategies that utilise forms of motion- and location-related information derived from the environment to navigate to their goals and back. We start by describing behavioural studies undertaken to unearth different strategies used in navigation. Then we move on to outline what we know about the brain area most associated with spatial navigation, namely the hippocampal formation. While doing so, we frst briefy explain the anatomical connections in the area and then proceed to describe the neural correlates that are considered to play a role in navigation. We conclude by looking at how the strategies might interact and complement each other in certain contexts.


: Hippocampus, Medial entorhinal cortex (MEC), Lateral entorhinal cortex (LEC), Spatial navigation, Path integration, Landmarks

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