Development of a helium compressor from a reciprocating-type refrigeration compressor

S Kasthurirengan, S Jacob, R Karunanithi, Upendra Behera, D S Nadig, Anand N Bahuguni


Helium gas compressor is one of the critical components of a pulse-tube or Gifford-McMahon (GM) cryocooler. It serves as the gas source for generating the pressure waveform (with high and low pressures) in a pulse-tube/GM-type cryocooler. Commercial helium compressors of capacities less than 10 kW of input power are mostly of scroll type. In this paper; a simple method is described for converting a reciprocating-type refrigeration compressor into a helium compressor. The performance of this system has been evaluated using a single-stage pulse-tube cryocooler. The compressor has already clocked more than 1000 h of operation. The method can be used to convert the reciprocating-type refrigeration compressor to other monoatomic gases such as argon or neon as well.


Helium compressor; pulse-tube cryocooler; reciprocating-type refrigeration compressor

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